Racial Identity

Tatum_Racial identity development STAGES

Helms White Racial Identity Development Model

According Dr. Beverly Daniel Tatum, when she was doing research on race in the classroom, she realized there are Five Stages that every POC goes through when understanding and developing their racial identity, and Six Stages that every non-POC goes through when developing their own racial identity.

      • For POC it includes: Pre-Encounter, Encounter, Immersion, Internalization, and Internalization-Commitment
      • For non-POC it includes: Contact, Disintegration, Reintegration, Pseudo-Independent, Immersion, and Autonomy.